|Each capsule contains:
Other Ingredients: Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (vegetarian capsule), rice
Ingredients: Cordyceps* (Cordyceps sinensis CS-4), rice, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (vegetarian capsule).
*of organic culture
Free of soy, lactose, yeast, sugar, starch, gluten, preservatives, artificial colors or flavors. This product is suitable for vegetarians and veganists.
Dietary supplement, containing mushroom mycelia and organic rice.
Do not deviate from recommended dosage. Do not take if the product has expired
Storage: Store in a dark, dry place at room temperature. Keep out of reach of children.
Obligatory statement: A dietary supplement cannot be considered a replacement for a well-balanced meal.
In case of pregnancy, lactation, medicin use or disease consult a physician before using food supplements.
WHAT IS CORDYCEPS?
“Cordyceps” is the name of the mushroom Cordyceps sinensis. for thousands of years Cordyceps has been known as the mysterious organism with the amazing ability to transform itself into a plant and then back again into an animal. The Chinese had given it the name “dong chong xia cao”, or “winter worm, summer grass”. Science has revealed it is not one organism, but a complex, parasitic relationship between two organism: a caterpillar and a fungus.
Cordyceps sinensis is a rare mushroom, found primarily at 3000 – 5000 meter altitude on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau in the Himalaya. The fungus is parasitic, growing on and deriving nutrients from several species of caterpillar, although primarily that of the moth Hepialus armoricanus, which lives 6 inches underground and feed on plant roots. In late autumn, chemicals on the skin of the caterpillar interact with the fungal spore and release the fungal mycelia which then interact with the caterpillar ('winter worm'). By early summer of the following year after raise of temperature and melting of the snow, the fungal infestation has killed the caterpillar and the fruiting body can be seen protruding from the caterpillar's head ('summer grass') (1).
The latin name “Cordyceps” means 'swollen head', and directly refers to the growth of the fruiting body on the caterpillar's head.
for your reassurance at this point: Kala Health Cordyceps capsules contain mycelia and organic rice only, no caterpillar is used in the culture.
Image: The fruiting body of the fungus Cordyceps sinensis protrudes from the head of the mummified caterpillar Hepialus armoricanus
Biological Active Ingredients
In the Orient Cordyceps has a long tradition of use and scientific research. Several hundreds of individual compounds have been isolated, including a number of familiar compounds like vitamins, minerals and amino acids. The protein content of the mushroom usually varies from 10 to 40% dry weight. Remarkably the mushroom contain ALL essential amino acids and nearly all non-essential amino acids, as well as nearly all vitamins, minerals and trace elements. As an example, the vitamin B2 content usually varies from 1,8 to 5,1 mg/100 gram dry weight, and the content of vitamin B3 and folic acid between 31-65 resp. 0,36-0,64 mg/100 g dw (2).
Such high levels of vitamins, minerals and amino acids give mushrooms an outstanding nutritional value. On top, new and promising compounds are still being discovered and published. Below a summary of the ingredients found in Cordyceps:
• proteins, peptides, cyclic dipeptides
• ALL essential amino acids (!)
• most of the non-essential amino acids
• unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA’s)
• minerals and trace elements
• enzymes (more than 200 known)
• polysaccharides, including beta (1,3), (1,4), (1,6) glucans, hetero-beta-glucans and proteoglycans (protein-polysaccharid complexes)
• triterpenes (more than 100 known)
• steroids, including ergosterol (provitamin D2)
Arabinoxylanes and glycoproteins
In 2003 the renowned International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms published the study results on the active ingredients of several mushroom mycelia, grown on rice.
Important is, these mushroom mycelia all have been supplied by the same organic farm that supplies Kala Health. Thus, the published result are directly applicable to Kala Health Cordyceps.
Mushroom mycelia compounds that gain more and more interest are
- Polysaccharids (in particular 1,3 and 1,6 beta-glucans): large molecules of complex sugars;
- Glycoproteïns: complexes of proteins and polysaccharids;
- Ergosterol: metabolized into provitamin D2 under the influence of sun light;
- Arabinoxylanes: metabolized from arabinose en xylose in full corn rice by mushroom mycelia
Table below shows, these compounds are abundantly present in the mycelia and fruit bodies used in Kala Health Cordyceps (2):
This study shows, Kala Health Cordyceps is a rich source of arabinoxylans, glycoproteins, ergosterol and beta-glucans (2).
The importance of Organic Culture: EU Organic Certification
Mushrooms are capable of absorbing almost all ingredients form the substrate they grow on, including those that might be harmful to health. Mushrooms that are grown in a polluted environment may be able to concentrate harmful substances to even toxic levels. Thus, mushrooms have a tendency to reflect the environment they grow in. For this reason no ‘wild’ mushrooms from uncontrolled regions in uncontrolled countries have been used in Kala Health products.
Kala Health Cordyceps is grown organically in one of the cleanest areas in the northwest of the United States. The mushrooms are cultured on a substrate of organic full corn rice under sterile conditions. The valuable ingredients of the rice substrate are absorbed and metabolized by the mushroom mycelia, guaranteeing the highest purity and the highest biological activity. The mushrooms are harvested when the mycelia have overgrown the substrate. After freeze-drying and graining the powder is shipped and encapsulated by Kala Health in vegetarian capsules.
The mushroom farm has been organically certified by the Washington State Department of Agriculture, and Kosher certified by the Union of Orthodox Congregations of America. Testing by independent laboratories show the mushroom are guaranteed free of heavy metals, pesticides, chemical residues and bacteria. In Europe this product has been rewarded both the EU Organic Certificate and the EKO Certificate.
(1): Zhu, J.S., Halpern, G.M., and Jones, K. (1998): The Scientific Rediscovery of an Ancient Chinese Herbal Medicine: Cordyceps sinensis. Part I. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 4(3), pp 289-303.
(2): Stamets P. 2003: Potentiation of cell-mediated host defence using fruit bodies and mycelia of medicinal mushrooms. International Journal of MedicinalMushrooms. Vol. 5: 179-191.